T.M. Caine and D.J. Smail

The Treatment of Mental Illness
Science, Faith and the Therapeutic Personality
University of London Press, 1969. No longer in print.

This book reports the results of a series of research studies into the 'therapeutic community' approach to psychiatry, in particular as it was practised at Claybury Hospital in Essex during the 1960s. The research (subsequently carried on by Tom Caine and his colleagues at Claybury) demonstrates that the personal styles and preferences of those both receiving and giving psychiatric and psychological help are much more important to outcome than the supposedly technical factors involved. Most important, the research supported the effectiveness of the kind of humane, non-authoritarian and democratic regime which was set up at Claybury by the psychiatrist D.V. Martin and his colleagues.